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 Assunto da Mensagem: Paper on the weak performance of European research
 Mensagem Enviado: Terça Jun 05, 2018 6:28 am 
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cientista sempre presente
cientista sempre presente

Registado: Quarta Dez 09, 2015 8:17 am
Mensagens: 434
Universidade/ Instituto: Minho
https://arxiv.org/ftp/arxiv/papers/1802/1802.06633.pdf

Email below commenting the paper

_____________________________________________________________________
De: F. Pacheco Torgal
Enviado: 5 de Junho de 2018 6:25
Para: alonso.rodriguez@upm.es; brito@ucm.es
Assunto: Technological research in the EU is less efficient than the world average

Dear A. Rodriguez-Navarro and R.Brito,

i recently emailed several thousand Colleagues about very simple comparisons on country research performance that shows a very disappointing performance of Germany. See below. Yesterday i just found your most interesting paper that i will also forward to those thousands of Colleagues today. About its content i just have two minor comments:

1-I noticed that you do not mention the paper of Wagner & Jonkers https://www.nature.com/news/open-countr ... ce-1.22754 that shows Switzerland and Singapore have an open research environment benefiting from high foreign contributions. Also your paper does not cite a recent article by Van den Besselaar & Sandström entitled "Funding, evaluation, and the performance of national research systems" published in the Journal of Informetrics https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/a ... 7717302882 that ranks countries according to their efficiency in turning funding into highly cited papers.

2-Furthermore, i think that one of the "shortcomings" of your article is the fact forgot to look at the case of Iceland and has instead put too much faith on Singapore performance. Singapore may be a high scientific performance country, however, has a high inequality problem. https://www.channelnewsasia.com/news/co ... e-10308796 Meaning that if they fail to fix it sooner or later their scientific performance will not save that country from serious internal problems. That is also why I do not share your view on China research capacity because no matter how efficient they become one of these days they will have to face a serious internal problem concerning the fact that the nature of their political system does not allow full potential development by its citizens. Fortunately, Singapore just started to understand the root of the inequality problem when they recall the quote:

"American meritocracy has become ... a mechanism for the dynastic transmission of wealth and privilege across generations. Meritocracy now constitutes a modern-day aristocracy"


_______________________________________________________________________
De: F. Pacheco Torgal
Enviado: 4 de Junho de 2018 7:29
Assunto: Confirmation of the failure of German science to produce influential papers

Following the ranking of TOP 1% papers (email below) the new ranking below on Top 0.1% confirms that Germany is much less capable of turning his wealth in influential papers than many other countries. And if we adjust the list below taking into account GDP/capita Germany goes directly to the last position. And Italy and France are also in the bottom of that ranking ! Iceland and Denmark on the other side that have a GDP/capita much higher than Germany rank in the first two positions in the GDP related ranking. What do they do in Iceland that Germany can´t ? A deeper look into the Iceland scientific production in the last 5 years show a strong connections to Karolinska Institut, Harvard University, Uppsala University as well as to Cambridge and Oxford Universities, those connections represent around 20% of all Iceland referenced outputs in the last 5 years.

Ratio (Hottest Papers (Top 0.1%) in the last 5 years/ million people)
1-Iceland...........53.8
2-Luxembourg…..39.7
3-Switzerland.…..27.6
4-Denmark……....25.1
5-Sweden……..…18.4
6-Netherlands….17.5
7-Norway……..….16.9
8-Belgium…….….15.3
9-Australia…….…14.8
10-Finland………...14.2
11-Austria………....12.9
12-New Zealand..11.9
13-Canada………….9.6
14-Slovenia.........8.6
15-Cyprus……….….8.5
16-Spain…………….5.9
17-Portugal…….……5.8
18-Germany………...5.8
19-Hungary………….5.5
20-Greece……….….5.0
21-France……….…..5.0
22-Italy…………….…4.8
23-Czech Rep......…4.8
24-Lithuania………...3.1
25-Latvia..............3.0
26-Croatia.............2.6
27-Poland……….…..2.6
28-Romenia..........1.9

_____________________________________________________________________
De: F. Pacheco Torgal
Enviado: 3 de Junho de 2018 7:10
Assunto: Disappointing performance of Germany concerning Highly Cited Papers and GDP/capita

Concerning the email below about a list of 28 countries ranked by the Ratio Highly Cited papers in the Web of Science per million of population in the last 5 years. See below the same ranking when GDP/capita is also taken into consideration in which Germany appears in position 23. In September of 2017 i already commented in here https://publons.com/publon/1196110/

that Germany´s scientific performance compares in a weak manner to a lot of european countries concerning three indicators:
Position 19 in the Ratio (Euro per capita of funding in H2020/R&D expenditure as percentage of GDP)
Position 12 in Ratio (ERC grantees per million population//R&D expenditure as percentage of GDP)
Of course if instead of Percentage of GDP the Ratios used GDP/Capita the position of Germany would have been even worse. Iceland shows the most amazing performance in both rankings. And even in the ranking Hottest papers (Top 0.1%)/million population in which it leads by far. Yes Switzerland its also a success case but in a broad view its less a successful country if we recall that a part of Swiss wealth (that also funds research) comes from the laundry of dirty money https://www.swissinfo.ch/eng/business/g ... s/43046992

1-Iceland
2-Denmark
3-Netherlands
4-Switzerland
5-Slovenia
6-Sweden
7-Belgium
8-Finland
9-Australia
10-Greece
11-Cyprus
12-Portugal
13-New Zealand
14-Hungary
15-Austria
16-Canada
17-Czech Republic
18-Norway
19-Croatia
20-Spain
21-Lithuania
22-Italy
23-Germany
24-France
25-Poland
26-Luxembourg
27-Romenia
28-Latvia

______________________________________________________________________
De: F. Pacheco Torgal
Enviado: 2 de Junho de 2018 8:55
Assunto: Switzerland, Iceland and Denmark top the rank (Highly Cited Papers/million people)

1-Switzerland…...514 Highly Cited Papers (Top 1% Web Science in the last 5 years)/ million people
2-Iceland..........500
3-Denmark……...420
4-Sweden………..306
5-Netherlands….304
6-Norway………..282
7-Australia………262
8-Finland…….….239
9-Belgium……….236
10-Luxembourg….231
11-Austria…….…..202
12-New Zealand…198
13-Canada………...182
14-Slovenia.......133
15-Germany……..120
16-Cyprus…….….116
17-Portugal………100
18-Spain……..…..100 .
19-France………....98
20-Greece…………93
21-Italy……………..91
22-Czech Rep......79
23-Hungary………..60
24-Lithuania……….53
25-Croatia..........50
26-Poland……….…34
27-Latvia............30
28-Romenia.........22

________________________________________________________________________
De: F. Pacheco Torgal
Enviado: 31 de Maio de 2018 7:36
Assunto: Study shows that only 2 in 10.000 papers are truly influential

Still on science impact and following the paper of Koen Jonkers and Frederique Sachwald mentioned in the email below check the article in the link below published 2 days ago that shows only 2 in 10.000 papers are truly influential
https://www.natureindex.com/news-blog/citation-analysis-reveals-the-game-changers


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