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 Assunto da Mensagem: A suggestion for moonshot missions in FP9 (2021-2027)
 Mensagem Enviado: Sábado Fev 24, 2018 8:06 am 
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cientista sempre presente
cientista sempre presente

Registado: Quarta Dez 09, 2015 8:17 am
Mensagens: 543
Universidade/ Instituto: Minho
https://sciencebusiness.net/framework-programmes/news/european-commission-releases-criteria-research-missions

In the link above of February 22 one can read that EU research commissioner Carlos Moedas recruited the economist M. Mazzucato (director of University College London's Institute for Innovation and Public Purpose) to advise on how to create ‘moonshots’ in FP9.

According to that expert moonshot missions “should touch the lives of, or inspire, a significant part of the European population” and she gives some examples (see below).
a) turning 100 cities carbon neutral by 2030;
b) reducing by 90 per cent the amount of plastics entering the seas;
c) reducing by half the progression of dementia in affected patients;
d) building new satellites and surveillance technology to curtail the number of deaths of immigrants crossing the Mediterranean


That´s an absolutely amazing insigth. Who could ever imagine that ?
Personally I'm not very inspired by her suggestions and I find intruiguing that ALMOST all the moonshot missions that were proposed so far (emails below) are based on hard sciences.

Yes reducing plastics is important and trying to put and end to the deaths in the Mediterranean is even more important but as I wrote in the email below too much faith and too much money is being put on pure tech missions forgetting that tech alone is not a silver bullet with miracle powers.

More important is how too "engineer" european citizens so they can be more tolerant in order to prevent that they return to their tribal past and engage on their favorite nationalism sport that risk making Europe irrelevant instead of making it inspirational in the eyes of the rest of the world. The text below illustrates that much in a very clear way:
"policy makers and Europe specialists in China had regarded the EU as an exemplar of regional integration and as a promising new ‘pole’ in the global order, a recent survey shows that today, in the wake of the Eurozone crisis, the refugee crisis, and the ‘Brexit’ referendum, many perceive the EU as a troubled actor unfit to deal with the existential challenges confronting it, let alone play a credible leadership role beyond its own borders"
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10308-017-0499-9

In the link below he have a more inspirational example than carbon neutral cities by 2030 or even than to reduce dementia by half as suggested above:
https://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/european-union-google-antitrust-democrats_us_59529c3fe4b02734df2dda82
because its inspirational for the European citizens to see that the power they gave to the European Union can be used to force a major corporation to kneel.

And it would also be inspirational if EU could figure out a way to make sure that all major corporates that operate in Europe pay their fair share of taxes ? And what about to cut all tax evasion ? https://www.express.co.uk/news/world/401801/Tax-evasion-costs-European-Union-one-trillion-Euros-a-year
https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/feb/26/slovakian-journalist-investigating-claims-of-tax-linked-to-ruling-party-shot-dead

And what about to make sure that African dictators do not keep laundry their corrupt money in Europe ? That will be very inspirational too ! Its rather obvious that it does not matter very much what high tech satellites we develop because African immigrants will keep on trying to cross the Mediterranean as long as their countries go rotten by corrupt dictators. Finding a way to prevent that those engaged in corruption and crime practices around the world can laudry and save their money in Europe that would also be very inspirational !

Europe must try to go for something that US and China couldn’t go no matter what in the next decades. Only to dream about. If the major advantage of Europe against US and China is a much lower inequality then Europe should try to push that gap even further. Because the simpler way to win a race is to start ahead and in this field Europe has started ahead a long time ago. See fig E1 of the 2018 World Inequality report http://wir2018.wid.world/files/download/wir2018-summary-english.pdf

Of course it is not inspirational for the average citizen to speak about inequality or Gini coefficients that cannot be seen so what would make sense could encompass moonshot mission that could also contribute to reduce inequality. Also it makes little sense each scientific is defending moonshot missions that require scientists of that same area. Instead what makes sense is to moonshot with a multidisciplinary approach able to adress different challenges like climate resilience and energy poverty https://ec.europa.eu/energy/en/events/launch-eu-energy-poverty-observatory-epov
and that for instance could gather scientists from very different fields like biology, urbanism, architecture, engineering, medicine, sociology, economy, psychology....etc etc

So instead of the 100 carbon neutral cities by 2030 mentioned by the economist M. Mazzucato, which in my opinion is a very low ambition target we should aim for 100 low crime, low inequality, energy poverty free, healthier, with higher cohesion, resilient and sustainable biophilic cities in 2030

Below further information concerning the contribution of natural environment to crime reduction:
https://academic.oup.com/bioscience/article/65/12/1141/223866
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0169204617301743
http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/0032885517734516


________________________________________
De: F. Pacheco Torgal
Enviado: 9 de Fevereiro de 2018 19:58
Assunto: Fraunhofer "Europe's largest organisation for applied research" proposals for FP9

1. Data sovereignty for the European citizen
2. Circular products made in Europe: Certified!
3. Fully autonomous and zero-emission driving
4. Enabling cell-based therapy for every European citizen
5. Reduce the burden of anti-microbial resistance
6. Citizen science for safe and healthy food

https://sciencebusiness.net/policy-paper/fraunhofer-proposes-6-missions-europes-next-research-programme

First was the Guild (email below), now is Fraunhofer I can´t wait to see who´s next. Still I have a hard time trying to understand why are all these suggestions hard tech based ?
What about some research efforts to tackle the rise of nationalism ?
What about some research efforts to try to understand the fact that in the 21st century we are still promoting tribal behavior ?
What´s the use of having "fully autonomous and zero-emission driving" in a Europe divided between North and South, West and East, Christians versus non Christians, pure blood versus mixed blood ?


________________________________________
De: F. Pacheco Torgal
Enviado: 16 de Janeiro de 2018 8:09
Assunto: Jan 2018__The five moonshot missions suggested by the Guild of 19 European Research-Intensive Universities for FP9

https://sciencebusiness.net/policy-paper/guild-research-universities-drafts-list-moonshot-missions-fp9

The Guild of 19 European Research-Intensive Universities just suggested five moonshot missions aimed at achieving a few of the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The five moonshot missions proposed to be introduced in the FP9 by the guild are:

1. Restoring the authority of science
2. Developing sustainable cities and sustainable landscapes
3. Eradicating Europe’s digital divides
4. Personalised prevention, precision medicine, and healthy ageing
5. Taking arms against anti-microbial resistance (AMR)


Concerning the first moonshot it can hardly be a surprise taking into account the ongoing rampant cases of fake authorship and even fake data mentioned in the emails below. As to the fifth probably it would be better to end first the superbug factories http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2017/09/are-antibiotics-turning-livestock-superbug- factories otherwise just investing heavily to develop new antibiotics would never be enough.


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